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NICE final guidance recommends Lucentis® as cost-effective treatment for wet AMD, a leading cause of blindness


* Lucentis is only approved therapy to demonstrate improvement in vision and vision-related function in vast majority of wet AMD patients

* NICE decision secures access to innovative medication for eligible patients with wet AMD in England and Wales

The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) has recommended Lucentis® (ranibizumab) as a cost-effective therapy for all eligible patients with wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD), an eye disease that is the leading cause of blindness in people over the age of 50.
The announcement is an important development for patients because NICE determines access to medicines in England and Wales based on agreed standards of cost-effectiveness. The final guidance comes at the end of a rigorous review which assessed the potential benefits of Lucentis for patients relative to the cost of the medicine.
“The final guidance is excellent news for patients with wet AMD who are in need of access to this highly effective treatment,” said Mr Winfried Amoaku, Associate Professor of Ophthalmology and Hon Consultant Ophthalmologist (Retinal Specialist), University Hospital, Nottingham, and Vice-President of the Royal College of Ophthalmologists, UK. “Wet AMD is a debilitating disease that can rapidly lead to loss of vision and all too often, to loss of independence and quality of life for patients. When fully implemented, the NICE decision will ensure that patients have access to Lucentis for as long as they need to preserve or improve their vision.”
Lucentis was developed specifically for use in the eye and is the only approved therapy shown to improve vision and vision-related function in a vast majority of patients with wet AMD. The NICE decision was based on data from clinical trials involving more than 7,000 patients, demonstrating that Lucentis enabled patients to read on average an additional four lines (21 letters) on an eye-chart compared to those receiving no treatment. This benefit was sustained for two years[1],[2],[3].
The review evaluated all medications approved for treating wet AMD in the UK, and heard evidence from health professionals, health economic experts and patient groups.
The final NICE guidance includes a reimbursement scheme under which the first 14 injections in each affected eye will be funded by the UK National Health Service (NHS), while the drug costs for any subsequent Lucentis injections will be reimbursed by Novartis[4].
“We are committed to working in partnership with health authorities to ensure that as many patients as possible with wet AMD can benefit from treatment with Lucentis,” said Trevor Mundel, MD, Head of Global Development Functions at Novartis Pharma AG. “This reimbursement scheme is an important collaboration that will ensure patients living with wet AMD in England and Wales receive the best possible care.”
Lucentis has been approved in more than 70 countries and has already received positive health economic assessments in a number of other countries including Australia, Belgium, Canada, France, the Netherlands, Scotland, South Korea and Sweden.
AMD is a degenerative eye disease affecting the macula - the central part of the retina at the back of the eye that is responsible for the central vision necessary for everyday activities like reading, driving, telling time or identifying faces. Approximately 25 to 30 million people worldwide are living with the disease, which is a major burden on healthcare systems.
There are two types of AMD: dry and wet. Neovascular or ’wet’ AMD accounts for about 15% of all AMD cases, but the majority of vision loss. It is associated with the growth of pathological new vessels under the macula that are fragile and leak fluid and blood. If not treated, scar tissue develops and destroys the macula.
Lucentis is an anti-VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) therapy that works by binding to and neutralizing all forms of VEGF-A, a protein that is believed to cause abnormal blood vessel growth and leakage beneath the macula.
Lucentis was developed by Genentech and Novartis Pharma AG. Genentech has the commercial rights to Lucentis in the US, while Novartis has exclusive rights in the rest of the world.


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