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Minimum wage increase caused half of retail and hospitality businesses to increase prices

  • University of Sheffield researchers found that half of the retail and hospitality businesses they surveyed had increased prices after minimum wage hike, as 70 per cent saw an impact on profits
  • Increases in National Living Wage have led some retail and hospitality sector firms to reduce staffing and cut paid breaks, according to a government-commissioned study
  • Many firms have taken a low-road approach to offsetting labour cost increases by replacing older workers with younger staff and intensifying the pace of work

Half of retail and hospitality businesses have increased prices as a direct result of the introduction of the National Living Wage in April 2016 and subsequent increases in the legal minimum pay rate, according to a government-commissioned report by the University of Sheffield.

A study of retail and hospitality businesses in Sheffield and Greater Manchester found almost half (45.6 per cent) had responded to increases in wages by not replacing staff who left, while more than a quarter (25.6 per cent) reduced the number of full-time employees and 38.6 per cent increased their use of variable hours (including zero hours) contracts.

Some companies had also cut paid breaks, overtime, bonuses and subsidised meals, and many replaced older workers with younger staff.

The vast majority (70 per cent) of businesses said the changes had negatively impacted their profits – with one in four claiming it had done so to “a large extent”. Some businesses also cited other major cost pressures such as business rates, VAT and pension expenses as having an impact, reflecting the range of cost pressures small- and medium-sized businesses face.

The report is the result of a research project by the Sheffield University Management School’s Centre for Decent Work, which was commissioned this year by the government’s Low Pay Commission. The study covered Greater Manchester and Sheffield City Region, which have been identified as having persistently low productivity levels, where the hospitality and retail sectors are among the fastest growing sectors in terms of employment. In both regions, wages in the retail sector are below the national average.

Professor Jason Heyes, Chair in Employment Relations at the University of Sheffield, who led the project, said: “Our evidence shows that small businesses in the retail and hospitality sectors are operating under huge cost pressures, and increases to the National Living Wage have led them to find ways to cut spending – sometimes in ways that potentially undermine some of the financial benefit of the baseline pay boost for workers.

“What is clear is that the capacity of these organisations to respond to cost pressures through investment in ‘good work’ measures such as increased training and development, career progression for existing employees and other strategies that might boost long-term productivity is very limited.”

Additional information

The University of Sheffield

With almost 29,000 of the brightest students from over 140 countries, learning alongside over 1,200 of the best academics from across the globe, the University of Sheffield is one of the world’s leading universities.

A member of the UK’s prestigious Russell Group of leading research-led institutions, Sheffield offers world-class teaching and research excellence across a wide range of disciplines.

Unified by the power of discovery and understanding, staff and students at the university are committed to finding new ways to transform the world we live in.

Sheffield is the only university to feature in The Sunday Times 100 Best Not-For-Profit Organisations to Work For 2018 and for the last eight years has been ranked in the top five UK universities for Student Satisfaction by Times Higher Education.

Sheffield has six Nobel Prize winners among former staff and students and its alumni go on to hold positions of great responsibility and influence all over the world, making significant contributions in their chosen fields.

Global research partners and clients include Boeing, Rolls-Royce, Unilever, AstraZeneca, Glaxo SmithKline, Siemens and Airbus, as well as many UK and overseas government agencies and charitable foundations.

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