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More eco-friendly planes with resin-infused wings!

C Series wing in assembly, Belfast, United Kingdom ©Bombardier
C Series wing in assembly, Belfast, United Kingdom ©Bombardier

There is a lot to gain in the use of resin transfer infusion in commercial aircraft manufacturing. -David Bacon, Composite Materials, Solvay

Bombardier uses Solvay resin for its award-winning composite wing

 The Belfast operation of Canadian aircraft manufacturer Bombardier has received an award from the UK’s Royal Academy of Engineering for its advanced composite wing that reduces the environmental impact of airplanes. And Solvay is the proud supplier of the resin used in Bombardier’s wing manufacturing process.

Every year, the Royal Academy of Engineering’s MacRobert Award, the UK’s most prestigious prize for engineering innovation, recognizes “teams that demonstrate outstanding innovation, societal benefit and commercial success”. In 2019, for its 50th anniversary, the award went to the Bombardier team in Belfast that developed and manufactures the world’s first resin-infused wing designed for commercial aircraft, namely the Airbus A220.

The advantages of composite materials in the sky

Resorting to composite materials to make airplanes is nothing new. The aerospace industry is relying on new materials such as these to replace metal, thus increasing corrosion resistance, simplifying maintenance and most importantly making the aircraft lighter in order to reduce fuel consumption and CO2 emissions. What’s new here is the way the composites are used in the manufacturing process.

Bombardier’s proprietary Resin Transfer Infusion (RTI) process involves infusion of liquid resin into dry carbon fibre ‘preforms’ during the part manufacturing process. This differs from common aerospace ‘prepreg’ manufacture, where the carbon fiber is supplied pre-impregnated with resin, which must be stored at low temperature until ready for use. 

The advantages of RTI are numerous: the possibility to manufacture large and complex one-piece structures, which reduces the need for many different parts and therefore fasteners; this in turn reduces waste during manufacture and improves aerodynamics. Furthermore, by reducing the need for refrigeration, this method saves energy and yields materials that remain usable for a longer time, which also simplifies manufacturing.

“Resin infusion isn’t traditionally used in aerospace”, explains David Bacon, Account Manager at Solvay’s Composite Materials business unit. “It’s typically used to manufacture boats, and in the field of wind energy. But it’s obvious there is a lot to gain in spreading its use in commercial aircraft manufacturing.” 

Bombardier developed their own RTI process for the wing at their large-scale manufacturing and assembly facility in Belfast, Northern Ireland. The wing was developed specifically for the Bombardier C Series aircraft programme, which subsequently became the Airbus A220 (following a partnership arrangement with Bombardier, Investissement Quebec and Airbus). It can so far only be found on this successful narrow body, medium range aircraft family, which entered service in 2016, though it seems only logical that other types of aircraft could be equipped with this new generation of lighter wings in the future.

Great resin for great performance

From the Solvay perspective, the Group has enjoyed a “long-standing relationship with Bombardier,” says David. “We sell them products across our portfolio, from adhesives to pre-pregs and resins for a number of their aircraft programs.” For the RTI wing, Solvay’s CYCOM® 890 epoxy resin system was selected when the project was initiated, over a decade ago. “It was chosen for its properties such as low viscosity, which enables the infusion of large parts at once,” continues David. 

The Royal Academy of Engineering’s MacRobert Award validates the entire development and manufacturing process of this innovative wing, and consequently, the performance of Solvay’s  resin material on this programme,” says David.

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