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​​Racial and Ethnic Differences Emerge in Rates of Inpatient Care ​Following Psychiatric Emergencies Among Minority Youths, According to New Study

New study reveals specific differences between certain racial groups when it comes to patient care during emergency psychiatric visits.


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A studyopens in new tab/window in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (JAACAP)opens in new tab/window, published by Elsevier, reports that Asian American/Pacific Islander (AAPI) youths experience lower rates and American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) youths experience higher rates of inpatient care after psychiatric emergencies relative to youths from other racial/ethnic groups.  

This study, conducted by research team at Concordia University, the University of California, Los Angeles, and Los Angeles County Department of Mental Health, is the first to examine rates of inpatient hospitalizations and rehospitalizations among racial/ethnic minoritized youths following psychiatric emergencies that resulted in mobile crisis responses. Based on service encounter data from the Los Angeles County Department of Mental Health, 6,908 youths received a mobile crisis response from January to December 2017. The researchers then examined youths’ receipt of inpatient care over a 3 year period from 2017 to 2020. Within this group, 1,282 youths (18.6%) were admitted into an inpatient facility for care after one month of mobile crisis response.  

However, AAPI youths were less likely (relative risk of .45) to receive inpatient care relative to other youths. This extends previous work which revealed that AAPI youths were less likely to receive ongoing outpatient care after psychiatric emergencies. The current finding adds to the somber picture of AAPI youths with acute mental health needs falling out of the follow-up treatment process in public sector mental health systems.  

At the same time, AI/AN youths were more likely (relative risk of 2.63) to receive inpatient care following mobile crisis responses compared to other youths. The researchers suggest that it is possible that exposures to current and historical trauma experienced by AI/AN youth is linked to higher acuity needs when they are seen in mobile crisis response services but note that it is unclear why this pattern is observed for AI/AN youths and that further research on care pathways is critical.  

Lead author, Dr. Joyce Lui, Assistant Professor at Concordia University, said, “We need more research that disaggregates care patterns by race/ethnicity and types of care to arrive at a better understanding of how to most strategically advance equity. These findings suggest that AI/AN youth may benefit from better access to routine preventive and early intervention services, and that systems should integrate strategies to better ensure care linkage for AAPI youths with acute needs such as culturally responsive family-focused care navigators”. 

Notes

The article is “​Inpatient Care Utilization Following Mobile Crisis Response Encounters Among Racial/Ethnic Minoritized Youth​,” by ​Joyce H.L. Lui, PhD, Belinda C. Chen, MA Lisa A. Benson, PhD Yen-Jui R. Lin, PhD Amanda Ruiz, MD Anna S. Lau, PhD​ (​https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2023.06.021opens in new tab/window​). It appears in ​Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry​, volume ​63​, issue ​7​ (​July 2024​), published by Elsevier

About ​JAACAP​ 

Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (JAACAP) is the official publication of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. JAACAP is the leading journal focusing exclusively on today’s psychiatric research and treatment of the child and adolescent. Published twelve times per year, each issue is committed to its mission of advancing the science of pediatric mental health and promoting the care of youth and their families. 

The Journal’s purpose is to advance research, clinical practice, and theory in child and adolescent psychiatry. It is interested in manuscripts from diverse viewpoints, including genetic, epidemiological, neurobiological, cognitive, behavioral, psychodynamic, social, cultural, and economic. Studies of diagnostic reliability and validity, psychotherapeutic and psychopharmacological treatment efficacy, and mental health services effectiveness are encouraged. The Journal also seeks to promote the well-being of children and families by publishing scholarly papers on such subjects as health policy, legislation, advocacy, culture and society, and service provision as they pertain to the mental health of children and families. 

About Elsevier

As a global leader in scientific information and analytics, Elsevier helps researchers and healthcare professionals advance science and improve health outcomes for the benefit of society. We do this by facilitating insights and critical decision-making with innovative solutions based on trusted, evidence-based content and advanced AI-enabled digital technologies.

We have supported the work of our research and healthcare communities for more than 140 years. Our 9,500 employees around the world, including 2,500 technologists, are dedicated to supporting researchers, librarians, academic leaders, funders, governments, R&D-intensive companies, doctors, nurses, future healthcare professionals and educators in their critical work. Our 2,900 scientific journals and iconic reference books include the foremost titles in their fields, including Cell Press, The Lancet and Gray’s Anatomy.

Together with the Elsevier Foundationopens in new tab/window, we work in partnership with the communities we serve to advance inclusion and diversity in science, research and healthcare in developing countries and around the world.

Elsevier is part of RELXopens in new tab/window, a global provider of information-based analytics and decision tools for professional and business customers. For more information on our work, digital solutions and content, visit www.elsevier.com.


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