Election 2010: State-by-State Data; How Many People with Mental Illness are Being Served?
State mental health agencies (SMHAs) provide direct services to between 15 to 60 percent of people living with serious mental illnesses in their states, according to state-by-state figures reported today by the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI).
State mental health services are being cut dramatically, however, even as need has increased due to the nation’s economic crisis. Medicaid is the other major funding source of mental health care for people with serious mental illness, but also has been subject to cuts (see table below).
“State mental health agencies cannot do it alone,” said NAMI Executive Director Michael J. Fitzpatrick. “They serve only a fraction of those who need help—and they struggle to do so with shrinking budgets.”
Even without budget cuts, low percentages of people with serious mental illness served by SMHAs may point to weakness in the reach of a state’s overall system of care. Congress has some responsibility to help strengthen state mental health care systems. Federal mental health block grants have been reduced or frozen over the past 10 years. The impact of cuts in Medicaid-funded state programs also has been softened only through use of federal stimulus funds.
The state figures are offered as part of NAMI’s fourth alert in an Election 2010 series reminding editors, reporters and others to ask all candidates what they intend to do about the nation’s mental health crisis. “Protecting and strengthening state mental health care must be part of the Election 2010 dialogue. In editorial board meetings and community forums, please ask candidates what they will do to help,” Fitzpatrick said.
“Every issue in the election involves mental health care—from unemployment to troops returning from war. For example, unemployed workers are four times more likely to report symptoms of mental illness and veterans are twice as likely as civilians to die from suicide.”
The National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors (NASMHPD) Research Institute reported in Feb. 2010:
• Total SMHA budget reductions from FY2009 to FY2011 were about $2 billion.
• Approximately 90 percent of SMHAs were experiencing budget cuts in FY2010. Almost 75 percent had experienced cuts in FY2009 and the same level proportion expected cuts in FY2011.
• Over 50 percent have responded by cutting community mental health services and reducing the number of people served. At the same time, SMHAs experienced increased demand for community services, including crisis services, emergency rooms and hospital acute care.
“Weak state mental health care systems end up costing communities more—through lost jobs and careers, broken families, more homelessness, higher insurance costs, more welfare and much more expensive costs for hospital emergency rooms, nursing homes, schools, police and courts, jails and prisons,” Fitzpatrick said.
Below is a list of states that have adults with serious mental illness (SMI), rounded to 1,000, and the percent served by State Mental Health Agency (SMHA).
Source:Grading the States 2009: A Report on America’s Health Care System for Adults with Serious Mental Illness
Alabama: 187,000 SMI; 33 SMHA
Alaska: 24,000 SMI; 38 SMHA
Arizona: 221,000 SMI; 18 SMHA
Arkansas: 116,000 SMI: 25 SMHA
California: 1,175,000 SMI; 34 SMHA
Colorado: 158,000 SMI; 16 SMHA
Connecticut: 109,000 SMI; 25 SMHA
Delaware: 29,000 SMI; 19 SMHA
Washington D.C.: 23,000 SMI; 42 SMHA
Florida: 660,000 SMI; 26 SMHA
Georgia: 349,000 SMI; 21 SMHA
Hawaii: 32,000 SMI; 45 SMHA
Idaho: 54,000 SMI; 16 SMHA
Illinois: 421,000 SMI; 19 SMHA
Indiana: 227,000 SMI: 15 SMHA
Iowa: 105,000 SMI; 48 SMHA
Kansas: 95,000 SMI; 15 SMHA
Kentucky: 181,000 SMI; 18 SMHA
Louisiana: 183,000 SMI: 17 SMHA
Maine: 51,000 SMI; 33 SMHA
Maryland: 175,000 SMI: 19 SMHA
Massachusetts: 211,000 SMI: 41 SMHA
Michigan: 348,000 SMI; 25 SMHA:
Minnesota: 168,000 SMI: 22 SMHA
Mississippi: 125,000 SMI: 49 SMHA
Missouri: 223,000 SMI: 25 SMHA
Montana: 39,000 SMI: 43 SMHA
Nebraska: 61,000 SMI: 35 SMHA
Nevada: 89,000 SMI: 20 SMHA
New Hampshire: 43,000 SMI; 21 SMHA
New Jersey: 259,000 SMI; 46 SMHA
New Mexico: 72,000 SMI; 24 SMHA
New York: 673,000 SMI; 57 SMHA
North Carolina: 335,000 SMI; 34 SMHA
North Dakota: 24,000 SMI; 29 SMHA
Ohio: 418,000 SMI; 22 SMHA
Oklahoma: 147,000 SMI: 23 SMHA
Oregon: 137,000 SMI; 43 SMHA
Pennsylvania: 448,000 SMI; 22 SMHA
Rhode Island: 38,000 SMI; 19 SHMHA
South Carolina: 170,000 SMI; 30 SHMA
South Dakota: 30,000 SMI; NA SMHA
Tennessee: 246,000 SMI; 34 SMHA
Texas: 833,000 SMI; 21 SMHA
Utah: 82,000 SMI; 22 SMHA
Vermont: 23,000 SMI; 14 SMHA
Virginia: 262,000 SMI: 19 SMHA
Washington: 219,000 SMI; 29 SMHA
West Virginia: 81,000 SMI; 44 SMHA
Wisconsin: 188,000 SMI; 22 SMHA
Wyoming: 20,000 SMI; 17 SMHA
NAMI is the nation’s largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to improving the lives of individuals and families affected by mental illness. NAMI has over 1100 state and local affiliates that engage in research, education, support and advocacy. NAMI is a non-partisan, non-profit organization and does not endorse political candidates. Previous NAMI Election Alerts: State Grades: 21 Ds, 6 Fs; State Suicide Rates; Top 10 States; Mental Health Cuts.
www.nami.org; twitter.com/namicommunicate; facebook.com/officialNAMI
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