American Ambassadors Assassinations CIA and State Department Files Published
BACM Research - PaperlessArchives.com has announced the publishing of CIA and State Department files related to the killings of American Ambassadors from 1968 to 1979.
LOS ANGELES, CA - BACM Research/PaperlessArchives.com has announced the publishing of CIA and State Department files related to the killings of American Ambassadors from 1968 to 1979.
This document research set can be obtained for free at
The recent death of American’s Ambassador to Libya Chris Stevens, has brought attention to previous American ambassadors killed in the line of duty.
Five American Ambassadors have died as a result of being a victim of homicide while fulfilling their ambassadorship duties. They are: Ambassadors John Gordon Mein, in Guatemala, 1968; Cleo A. Noel Jr., in Sudan, 1973; Rodger P. Davies, in Cyprus, 1974; Francis E. Meloy Jr., in Lebanon, 1976; and Adolph Dubs, in Afghanistan, 1979.
John Gordon Mein
U.S. Ambassador to Guatemala John Gordon was the first U.S. Ambassador killed during the performance of their duty. During an attempted abduction, Marxist guerrillas killed John Gordon Mein on the streets of Guatemala City. His death led the United States to begin a pilot project for armoring cars for U.S. Ambassadors overseas.
Cleo A. Noel Jr.
On March 1, 1973, eight members of Black September stormed the Saudi Arabian Embassy in Khartoum, Sudan, and took several guests hostage, including former U.S. Ambassador George Curtis Moore, and his recently arrived replacement, Ambassador Cleo A. Noel, Jr. The terrorists demanded the release of 60 Palestinians being held in Jordan, all female Arab prisoners held by Israel, Robert Kennedy’s assassin Sirhan Sirhan, and the Bader-Meinhoff Gang members held in Germany. The demands were soon reduced to only 17 Palestinians held in Jordan.
President Nixon announced that the demands of terrorists would not be honored. Shortly after the President’s statement, the terrorists shot Moore and Noel. It is not clear if the terrorists heard Nixon’s statement, but the U.S. Embassy in Sudan reported that it was one of the reasons that the terrorists decided to kill the two U.S. diplomats.
The eight terrorists were later convicted in Sudan and sentenced to life imprisonment. The Sudanese court, however, reduced their sentence to 7 years, and the men were later transferred to Egypt, where they served their prison sentences.
Rodger P. Davies
On August 19, 1974, Ambassador Rodger P. Davies was standing in a hallway inside the U.S. Embassy in Cyprus. Outside an anti-American demonstration was being held by a group of Greek Cypriots, angry about the recent defeat of Greek Cypriots by Turkish forces. A shot fired by a Greek Cypriot sniper struck Davies in the chest. Three years later five suspects were arrested for his killing. Murder charges were later dropped against all five and two were convicted for participating in the demonstration.
On February 14, 1979, U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan Adolph Dubs was commuting from his residence to the U.S. Embassy in Kabul, when four men abducted him. A man dressed as a policeman stopped the Ambassador’s car and said that he had orders to search it. Aiming a gun at the chauffeur’s head, the “policeman” ordered the chauffeur to remain still while he and three men got into the car. At gunpoint, the chauffeur drove to the Kabul Hotel, arriving at about 8:50 a.m.
The kidnappers ordered Dubs out of the car and took him to a second floor room. The chauffeur was instructed to go to the U.S. Embassy and inform the Americans of the situation. A large number of Afghan police, military, and fire department personnel quickly surrounded the hotel. Three Foreign Service Officers from the U.S. Embassy arrived, as did four Soviet officials.
During the next four hours, U.S. officials repeatedly urged Afghan officials to exercise restraint to ensure the Ambassador’s safety. According to the FSOs on site, the four Soviet officials held repeated discussions with Afghan authorities and appeared to serve as advisors. At 12:50 p.m. Afghan forces stormed the second-floor room, and Ambassador Dubs was killed during the ensuing gunfire.
Francis E. Meloy Jr.
Francis E Meloy, Jr., U.S. Ambassador to Lebanon was killed on June 16, 1975. Meloy was conducting talks with rival groups in Lebanon. On the way to a meeting across the Green Line, Meloy’s follow-up car broke off early, and the Ambassador was not seen again. His body, as well as that of Economic Counselor Robert O. Waring, were found later in west Beirut.
Highlights from the Files include:
CIA files show that weeks before Mein became the first American ambassador killed at his post, bombs were placed at his residence. A CIA memo contains information supplied by a suspect detained by Guatemalan officials about the planning of the attack on Mein. An intelligence cable sent from Guatemala contains information about a French woman, believed to have been the mistress of Ordonez, suspected of participating in the attempted abduction of Mein, who committed suicide when police went to her home. A memo details information obtained from a CIA source on the planning by FAR members to assassinate the new American ambassador to Guatemala.
CIA files in this collection state that The Khartoum operation was planned and carried out with the full knowledge and personal approval of Yasir Arafat, Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), and the head of Fatah.
State Department documents show continued efforts by the United States to get officials in Cyprus to find and bring to justice those responsible for the killings at the American Embassy. In 1977, the investigation into the murders lead to five suspects being arrested and charged with homicide. These charges were dropped. Later two of the men were charged with participating in the August 19, 1974 demonstration and were sentenced to five and seven years in prison.
This CIA and State Department document research set can be obtained for free at
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